Illustration at the bottom of a Privilegium Imperatoris (Imperial Privilege) of the Emperor Alfonso VII of León and Castile granting land to an Abbot William (centre) for the foundation of a Benedictine monastery.
Behind Alfonso (right) is his majordomo, Count Ponce Giraldo de Cabrera, bearing a sword and shield.
At left are Alfonso's sons Sancho and Fernando.
Date: 1142–57 (while Ponce de Cabrera was Count and Alfonso VII still living)
See also Spanish Knights & Infantry in the Codex Calixtinus, 1135-1139AD
Other 12th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Other Spanish and North African resources