Knights on a bronze and gilt fragment from the Temple Pyx,
possibly German, mid 12th century
Size overall: 92 mm x 73 mm. Source: Glasgow Museums
Referenced on p.18, ELI 009, The Normans by David Nicolle
'Guards at the Holy Sepulchre': copper alloy plaque, English, c. 1140-50. (Burrell Coll., Glasgow)
Referenced on p62, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle
133A-C Fragment of a copper-alloy pyx, England, early 12th century
(Burrell Collection, nos.5 and 6/139, Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, Glasgow, Scotland)
Three sleeping guards at the Holy Sepulchre are shown with typical early 12th century equipment.
Their kite-shaped shields are very long with large bosses, and in one case (A) the beginnings of a flattened top.
Though heraldry was in its infancy it is worth noting that the central figure (B) seems to have the pattern on his shield repeated on his helmet.
The other two warriors also have designs on their helmets which are, at least in one case (C),
unlikely to indicate a method of construction and must therefore be painted.
The helmets are quite pointed, conical types with large nasals broadened towards the base.
The mail hauberks have long, narrow sleeves but as yet no mittens.
One man carries a spear (A) and all three have swords, the scabbards of which are visible outside their hauberks.
This strongly suggests that they are hung from sword-belts, as no baldrics are visible.
See also King Saul Falls on his Sword, Worms Bible, Germany, c.1148
Herod orders the massacre of the innocents, Mosaner Psalter, Germany, mid 12th century
Illustrations of 12th century Costume & Soldiers