The Girona Beatus Codex
Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana, Spain, c.975AD
Girona Cathedral, Catalonia.
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
And I saw that the Lamb had opened one of the seven seals.
And I heard one of the four living creatures saying, "Draw near and see."
And I saw a white horse, and the rider was holding a bow, and a crown was given to him, and he went forth conquering. And when he opened the second seal, the second living creature spoke.
And a red horse went forth, and it was granted to its rider that he would take peace from the earth, and that they would kill one another.
And a great sword was given to him. And when he opened the third seal, the third living creature spoke. And he saw a black horse, and its rider was holding a balance in his hand.
And when he opened the fourth seal, the fourth living creature spoke. And I saw a pale horse, and the rider's name was Death, and Hell was following him.
And authority was given to him over the four parts of the earth, to destroy by the sword, by famine, and by death. (Rev. 6:1-8)
From inscriptions at the conclusion of the text, it is clear that the manuscript was commissioned by an Abbot Dominicus, and was completed on July 6, 975, most probably at the monastery at Tábara.
The colophon of the book, folios 283v and 284r has the names of the artisans of the manuscript: The Senior copyist as well as illuminators, Emetrius (the student of Magius "fraternal Emetrius and presbiter") and illuminator (feminine) En or Ende.
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