An extract from Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066
by Ian Heath
51. CAROLINGIAN MUSICIAN
Carolingian soldiers from Prudentius' Psychomachia late 9th century.
Horns were used to transmit simple pre-arranged commands on the battlefield. They were either curved as shown here or straight-sided and of assorted lengths. They remained in use by most nations throughout this period, being recorded on both sides at Hastings in 1066.
Carolingian soldiers from the Golden Psalter of St. Gallen late 9th century.
Next: 52 & 53. 7TH-8TH CENTURY MEROVINGIAN CAVALRYMEN in Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 by Ian Heath